Menilai Potensi Perang Dibalik Kepemilikan Nuklir India dan Pakistan

Rayhana Fajria


India and Pakistan are two nuclear ownership countries that flank Kashmir. Claims against Kashmir territory and their history sparked long debate for the two countries. The conflict became one of the main roots of why India and Pakistan still continue to increase military power including developing nuclear ownership. Conflict continues to heat up creating such an arms race which makes both of them consider the existence of a potential big threat and at times can threaten the sovereignty of each country. Previously in April 2012 India had carried out long-range missile experiments, and not long ago was followed by Pakistan which launched a nuclear explosive ballistic missile. Along with this, many political experts began to question the possibility of war between the two. In analyzing the issue, the writer will raise the use of the deterrence theory, where this theory says there are several factors that are important conditions in seeing the possibility of nuclear war. Some of these factors are like; rational state as a condition of the nuclear launch command system, the two countries’ abilities to develop second strike, and the India-Pakistan history of direct involvement in armed conflict. Therefore, these are going to be used as the reference to see the small possibility of a nuclear war between the two within this paper.

Keywords: India, Pakistan, Deterrence, Nuclear, military power, second strike, Kashmir conflict, possibility of war.

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