Upaya China menjadi Kekuatan Maritim dalam Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)

Umi Qodarsasi, Tety Rachmawati


After the economic reform in 1978, Cina experienced a rapid economic growth. The open door policy strategy adopted on economic reforms succeeded in attracting many foreign investors in the sector of manufacture. Along with its status as a new power of the world economy, Cina is also ambitious to become the largest maritime power in the world. The Indian Ocean is a strategic area to strengthen Cina's steps to support economic needs and become a maritime power. To achieve strategic interests in the Indian Ocean Region, Cina joins as an IORA partner. Cina’s effort to dominate at the IORA is not only to recruiting rival countries, but also to built strategic partnerships with the countries in the Indian Ocean region. Besides Pakistan and Myanmar, Cina has also established strategic partnerships with Iran, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. For strategic partner countries, Cina is seen as an alliance in strengthening politics in their country and is a supplier of military weapons and technology at affordable prices. This paper will explain the Cina's interests in the IORA and Cina's position compared to other IORA member countries, and also Cina's maritime strategy in the IORA. The results obtained are in the form of data showing that Cina has the potential to become a maritime power at the IORA.

Keywords: emerging economy, IORA, maritime power.

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