Diplomasi Indonesia dalam Menyelesaikan Krisis Pengungsi Rohingya Tahun 2017

Fuat Albayumi, Nourma Meysita Hadi, Djoko Susilo

Abstract


The armed conflict in Rakhine in 2017 caused a humanitarian crisis for the Rohingyas. This crisis resulted in the emergence of criticism towards Myanmar government for its refusal to offer humanitarian assistance to the victims of conflict. In spite of that, the Myanmar government has closed access for foreigners, including humanitarian aid. However, Indonesia have accepted to discuss the settlement of the case. This research will examine how Indonesia's diplomacy to resolve the crisis due to the conflict in Rakhine in 2017. This research uses research literature method to collect secondary data coming from reliable source. This research is using qualitative descriptive technique and analyzed to described or interpreted to obtain a complete picture of the answer to the problem under study. The results show that in resolving the crisis for Rohingya ethnic in 2017, Indonesia conducts humanitarian diplomacy, which includes communicating with the Myanmar and Bangladesh governments and foreign parties, acting as a liaison between the Myanmar government and the international community, and negotiating with Myanmar and Bangladesh governments regarding the settlement of the Rohingya refugee crisis.

Keywords: Myanmar, refugees, Rohingya, Indonesian diplomacy.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arungbudoyo, W. (2017) Kronologi Kekerasan di Rakhine Pemicu Eksodus Muslim Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://news.okezone.com/read/2017/08/31/18/1767078/kronologi-kekerasan-di-rakhine-pemicu-eksodus-muslim-rohingya (Diakses: 5 September 2017).

Asril, S. (2017) Indonesia Mulai Bangun Rumah Sakit di Rakhine, Myanmar [Online]. Tersedia di: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/11/20/15285611/indonesia-mulai-bangun-rumah-sakit-di-rakhine-myanmar (Diakses: 17 Februari 2018).

BBC. (2017) Bantuan Indonesia untuk Rohingya di Bangladesh ‘Mulai Dibagikan Hari Ini’ [Online]. Tersedia di: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/amp/indonesia-41302028 (Diakses: 14 Maret 2018).

Bonasir, R. (2015) Mengapa Orang – Orang Rohingya Melarikan Diri dari Myanmar? [Online]. Tersedia di: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/dunia/2015/05/150522_dunia_myanmar_exodus (Diakses: 9 Maret 2018).

Christiastuti, N. (2017) Begini Awal Mula Serangan Besar – Besaran Militan Rohingya di Rakhine [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.detik.com/news/internasional/3632173/begini-awal-mula-serangan-besar-besaran-militan-rohingya-di-rakhine (Diakses: 7 Februari 2018).

Deutsche Welle. (2012) Ribuan Warga Myanmar Mengungsi [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.dw.com/id/ribuan-warga-myanmar-mengungsi/a-16028771 (Diakses: 10 Maret 2018).

Deutsche Welle (DW). (2017) Indonesia Turun Tangan Bantu Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://amp.dw.com/id/indonesia-turun-tangan-bantu-rohingya/a-40351496 (Diakses: 10 Maret 2018).

Erdianto, K. (2016) Bahas Krisis Rohingya, menlu Retno Akan Bertemu Aung San Suu Kyi [Online]. Tersedia di: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/12/06/11192091/bahas.krisis.rohingya.menlu.retno.akan.bertemu.aung.san.suu.kyi (Diakses: 12 Maret 2018).

Ericssen. (2017) Bantuan PBB Diblokir, Nestapa Rohingya Bertambah Parah [Online]. Tersedia di: https://internasional.kompas.com/read/2017/09/05/1832431/bantuan-pbb-diblokir-nestapa-rohingya-bertambah-parah (Diakses: 8 Februari 2018).

Ihsanuddin. (2017) Bantu Rohingya, Menlu Retno Akan Terbang ke Myanmar [Online]. Tersedia di: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/08/30/16594071/1/bantu-rohingya-menlu-retno-akan-terbang-ke-myanmar (Diakses: 13 Maret 2018].

Iqbal, M. (2017) Menlu Turki Hingga Kofi Annan Telepon Retno Minta RI Bantu Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.kumparan.com/@kumparannews/menlu-turki-hingga-kofi-annan-telepon-retno-minta-ri-bantu-rohingya (Diakses: 12 Maret 2018].

Jordan, R. (2017) Di KTT ASEAN, Jokowi: Kita Tak Bisa Berdiam Diri Soal Rakhine State [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.detik.com/news/berita/3725193/di-ktt-asean-jokowi-kita-tak-bisa-berdiam-diri-soal-rakhine-state (Diakses: 17 Februari 2018).

Kardi, D.D. (2017) Di Bangladesh, Menlu Retno Bahas Pengungsi Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.cnnindonesia.com/internasional/20170906002430-106-239709/di-bangladesh-menlu-retno-bahas-pengungsi-rohingya (Diakses: 17 Februari 2018).

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2016) Bantuan Kemanusiaan Indonesia untuk Rohingya/Rakhine State [Online]. Tersedia di: https://www.kemlu.go.id/id/berita/Pages/bantuan-kemanusiaan-indonesia-untuk-rohingya.aspx [Diakses: 16 Februari 2018).

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2017) Menlu RI Serahkan Usulan Formula 4+1 untuk Rakhine State kepada State Counsellor Myanmar [Online]. Tersedia di: https://www.kemlu.go.id/id/berita/Pages/Menlu-RI-Serahkan-usulan-Formula-41-untuk-Rakhine-State-kepada-State-Counsellor-Myanmar.aspx [Diakses: 16 Februari 2018).

Lestari, R. (2017) Indonesia Akan Bawa Konflik Rohingya ke KTT OKI dan Sidang Umum PBB [Online]. Tersedia di: https://news.okezone.com/read/2017/09/05/337/1769735/indonesia-akan-bawa-konflik-rohingya-ke-ktt-oki-dan-sidang-umum-pbb#lastread (Diakses: 18 Februari 2018).

Maulana, V. (2017) Menlu Retno Luncurkan Aliansi Kemanusiaan Indonesia untuk Myanmar [Online]. Tersedia di: https://internasional.sindonews.com/newsread/1235597/40/menlu-retno-luncurkan-aliansi-kemanusiaan-indonesia-untuk-myanmar-1504167196 (Diakses: 17 Februari 2018).

Minear, Larry dan Smith, Hazel. (2007) Humanitarian Diplomacy: Practitioners and Their Craft. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Perdana, A.V. (2017) Myanmar Tegaskan Pemulangan Pengungsi Rohingya Mulai Januari 2018 [Online]. Tersedia di: https://internasional.kompas.com/read/2017/12/19/18460791/myanmar-tegaskan-pemulangan-pengungsi-rohingya-mulai-januari-2018 (Diakses: 18 Februari 2018).

Pratama, F. (2017) Bertemu Panglima Myanmar, Menlu Minta Militer Hentikan Kekerasan [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.detik.com/news/berita/d-3628207/bertemu-panglima-myanmar-menlu-minta-militer-hentikan-kekerasan (Diakses: 17 Februari 2018).

Reuters. (2017) Bangladesh Usir Pengungsi Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.cnnindonesia.com/internasional/20170830093406-106-238269/bangladesh-usir-pengungsi-rohingya (Diakses: 8 Februari 2018).

Suryanto. (2017) Myanmar, Bangladesh Sepakati Pemulangan Pengungsi Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.antaranews.com/berita/660708/myanmar-bangladesh-sepakati-pemulangan-pengungsi-rohingya (Diakses: 18 Februari 2018).

Tempo. (2017) 4 Formula Indonesia Untuk Selamatkan Rohingya [Online]. Tersedia di: https://nasional.tempo.co/amp/906054/4-formula-indonesia-untuk-selamatkan-rohingya (Diakses: 14 Maret 2018).

Teresia, A. (2017) JK Bahas Rohingya Bersama Pemimpin Negara OKI di Sela Sidang PBB [Online]. Tersedia di: https://m.kumparan.com/@kumparannews/jk-bahas-rohingya-bersama-pemimpin-negara-oki-di-sela-sidang-pbb (Diakses: 14 Februari 2018).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



© 2018 Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS)
Prodi S1 Hubungan Internasional Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta
Creative Commons License
The work of Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS) is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

P ISSN 2620-391X | E ISSN 2621-735X


Address:

Nation State: Journal of International Studies (NSJIS)
Building VI.2.6 Universitas AMIKOM Yogyakarta
Jl. Ringroad Utara, Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman,
Yogyakarta, 55283

Phone: +62 274-884201 ext. 626
Contact Manager: +6285270764035 (Rezki Satris)
Email: journalnationstate@amikom.ac.id